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Erodium

See list of 7 species in this genus

A genus very similar to Geranium in floral and fruiting characteristics, differing primarily by features discussed in the key to the genera. Our species of Erodium are much easier to identify when collected in fruit. The sepals are generally accrescent, and measurements provided in the key are for fruiting specimens. The apical pits of the mericarp bodies are crucial for identification. The presence/absence of glands can often be assessed on immature fruiting material. However, the prescence/absence of furrows below the apical pits requires mature fruits. The furrows (when present) in most species are paired (but see E. moschatum), forming a transverse groove below the apical pit, and are separated from each other by a narrow septum (i.e., the paired furrows are on the same latitudinal line). Reference: Taylor (1993).

  • 1a. Leaf blades pinnately lobed, the blade segments not completely divided to the midrib or the midrib with a prominent wing of tissue (rarely divided near base of leaf, but then with only 1 or, very rarely, 2 pairs of distinct leaflets)
  • 1b. Leaf blades pinnately divided into distinct leaflets [Fig. 670]
    • 6a. Carpel beaks (56–) 60–100 mm long; mericarp bodies 9–11 mm long; sepals 12–15 mm long; leaf blades often with small, intercalary lobes/leaflets between the major lobes or leaflets (in part)
    • 6b. Carpel beaks 10–40 mm long; mericarp bodies 4–9 mm long; sepals 5–12 mm long; leaf blades without intercalary leaflets between the major leaflets
      • 7a. Mericarp bodies 8–9 mm long; apical pits of mericarp bodies stipitate-glandular within, without furrows below them; sepals 8–12 mm long (in part)
      • 7b. Mericarp bodies 4–7 mm long; apical pits of mericarp bodies eglandular or sessile-glandular within, with 2 furrows or a pit-like furrow below them; sepals 5–9 mm long
        • 8a. Leaflets prominently lobed, with sinuses extending ½ to nearly the entire distance from the tips of the lobes to the leaflet midrib [Fig. 670]; anther-bearing filaments without basal teeth; apical pits of mericarp bodies eglandular, with 2 furrows below them
        • 8b. Leaflets toothed to lobed, the sinuses rarely extending more than ½ the distance from the tips of the teeth or lobes to the leaflet midrib; anther-bearing filaments with 2 teeth at the base; apical pits of mericarp bodies sessile-glandular, with a pit-like furrow below them (the additional furrow also sessile-glandular)

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 Show photos of:   Each photo represents one species in this genus.