Your help is appreciated. We depend on donations to help keep this site free and up to date for you. Can you please help us?


Native Plant Trust: Go Botany Discover thousands of New England plants


See list of 4 species in this genus

Reference: Strother (2006a).

  • 1a. Staminate capitula sessile or subsessile, in a solitary, spike-like capitulescence; staminate involucres prolonged into a long, retrorse, lanceolate to triangular-ovate, hooded, bristly tooth; leaf blades lanceolate to narrow-lanceolate, entire to lobed, when lobed with 1 or 2 pairs of pinnately arranged lobes that are confined to the base of the blade
  • 1b. Staminate capitula peduncled, borne in 1 or more raceme-like capitulescences; staminate involucres without a prolonged, retrorse lobe, actinomorphic or nearly so; leaf blades lanceolate or elliptic to ovate or triangular, 1- or 2-times pinnately lobed, or entire to palmately lobed in 
 A. trifida, but that species with some broad-lanceolate to ovate, unlobed blades on the plant
    • 2a. Plants annual, 0.5–5 m high; leaves opposite throughout, the blades entire to palmately lobed with 3 (–5) lobes [Fig. 372]; receptacle without chaff; staminate involucre with 
3 evident nerves on one side; carpellate involucre 5–10 mm long in fruit
    • 2b. Plants annual or perennial, 0.2–1 (–2.5) m high; leaves usually opposite below and alternate above, once- or twice-pinnatifid; receptacle with chaff; staminate involucre inconspicuously nerved (i.e., the faint nerves of ± equal prominence in all directions); carpellate involucre mostly 3–5 mm long in fruit
      • 3a. Plants usually perennial from a creeping rootstock; leaf blades usually once-pinnatifid, relatively thicker; carpellate involucre with 4 tubercles near the apex, these sometimes short and inconspicuous
      • 3b. Plants annual; leaf blades once-, or more commonly, twice-pinnatifid, relatively thinner; carpellate involucre with 4–7 sharp spines near or above the middle [Fig. 371]

Show All Couplets

 Show photos of:   Each photo represents one species in this genus.